Key health inequalities in Canada : a national portrait
“The report is complemented by an online interactive database, the Health Inequalities Data Tool, which includes both absolute and relative measures of inequalities and their impact at the population level for health outcomes, health-related behaviours and social determinants of health.”
"This report is a product of the Pan-Canadian Health Inequalities Reporting (HIR) Initiative, a collaborative effort of the Pan-Canadian Public Health Network (PHN), the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), Statistics Canada, and the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). We also acknowledge the partnership of the First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC)....The HIR Initiative’s theoretical foundations are based on a conceptual framework originally developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) Commission on Social Determinants of Health.... The resulting portrait of the state of health inequalities in Canada is available through the Health Inequalities Data Tool, an online interactive database (http://infobase.phac-aspc.gc.ca/health-inequalities)....This report draws on a number of national surveys and administrative databases to populate the indicators, including the Canadian Community Health Survey, Canadian Vital Statistics Database, and the Canadian Cancer Registry. While many of these sources capture data for First Nations people living off reserve, the Métis and the Inuit, most exclude First Nations people living on reserve and in northern communities. Helping to fill this information gap is the First Nations Regional Health Survey (RHS), the only First Nations–governed national health survey in Canada. The RHS, coordinated by the First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC) in collaboration with its 10 Regional Partners, collects information about First Nations people living on reserve and in northern communities based on both Western and traditional understandings of health and well-being. In the present report, where applicable, national-level RHS data and contextual information for First Nations people living on reserve and in northern communities are provided by FNIGC. PHAC has worked in partnership with FNIGC to ensure that the inclusion of on-reserve First Nations data in this report is in compliance with the First Nations principles of OCAP® (Ownership, Control, Access and Possession)."
Table of Contents: Preface; Acknowledgments; Executive Summary; Key Health Inequalities in Canada: Introduction; Methodology;
Methodology: Technical Notes; Health Outcomes; Life Expectancy and Mortality; Inequalities in Life Expectancy and Health-Adjusted Life Expectancy in Canada; Inequalities in Infant Mortality in Canada; Inequalities in Unintentional Injury Mortality in Canada; Mental Illness; Inequalities in Suicide Mortality in Canada; Self-assessed Health; Inequalities in Perceived Mental Health (Low Self-Rated Mental Health) and Mental Illness; Hospitalization in Canada; Cause-Specific Outcomes; Inequalities in Arthritis in Canada; Inequalities in Asthma in Canada; Inequalities in Diabetes in Canada; Inequalities in Disability in Canada; Inequalities in Obesity in Canada; Inequalities in Oral Health in Canada: Inability to Chew; Inequalities in Tuberculosis in Canada; Health Determinants – Daily Living Conditions; Health Behaviours; Inequalities in High Alcohol Consumption in Canada; Inequalities in Smoking, Exposure to Second-hand Smoke, and Lung Cancer Incidence in Canada; Physical and Social Environment;
Inequalities in Core Housing Need in Canada; Health Determinants – Structural Drivers; Early Childhood Development; Inequalities in Early Childhood Development in Canada; Social Inequities; Inequalities in Household Food Insecurity in Canada; Inequalities in Working Poor Canadians; Key Health Inequalities in Canada: Discussion and Implications