Debates refer to official transcripts of discussions that take place within Parliament, a Provincial Legislature or the U.S. Congress. Official transcripts of the Canadian Debates are provided by Hansard - the Official Record Keeper of all discussions in Elected Houses in Canada. The online record of these transcripts tend to be more current. For older transcripts see the library's Government Documents Collection.
In the United States, official Transcripts are provided by Congressional Record.
Aside from Parliamentary Debates, there are also official videos of Leadership Debates that have taken place on television. These recordings are also primary sources that reflect what was actually said.
United States of American